Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder 101

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Ever Heard of Ivan Pavlov?

Posted by fasd101 on June 14, 2013 at 1:55 PM Comments comments (0)

Ivan Pavlov's primary interests were the study of physiology and natural sciences. He helped found the Department of Physiology at the Institute of Experimental Medicine.

While researching the digestive function of dogs, he noted his subjects would salivate before the delivery of food. In a series of well known experiments, he presented a variety of stimuli before the presentation of food, eventually finding that, after repeated association, a dog would salivate to the presence of a stimulus other than food. He termed this response a conditional reflex. Pavlov also discovered that these reflexes originate in the cerebral cortex of the brain.

Now, before you get your shorts wound up,  ;) I am not saying people with FASD are dogs.

What I am saying is that some of the conditioning tricks that Pavlov used to train his dogs is a good example of consistent training that needs to be used with people who have FASD.

It is confusing to a person with FASD when the rules change or schedules are not as usual. A schedule is how they can ground themselves. If you change the rules or mess with their schedules, they can have great difficutly regulating their emotions and behaviors.

We all know that life is not always orderly and predictable, so when times arise that you have to change the schedule or make allowances, know that the person who has FASD may start acting out. So plan ahead for the unexpected. If you have to go somewhere or have an emergency that was not planned for ahead of time, get that person used to a routine for those unexpected adventures, for instance, have a back pack packed and ready with activities they always do during those times.

Things to pack would be things like a coloring book, reading books, paper, hand held video games, travel games, CD player, small toys etc... This helps the unexpected to have some expected experiences so that the person with FASD does not feel as lost and out of control.

Keep in mind that it will take some time to "condition" the individual, but with consistency, they will learn to make some adjustments.

Would love to hear from you and know what you think. Please leave me a comment below.

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Posted by fasd101 on June 12, 2013 at 1:00 AM Comments comments (0)

I just came across a very cool sensory toy that I thought you might be interested in.  They are called bObles.  I especially liked the Tumbling Chicken (click on picture to enlarge) for my son David as he has mild cerebral palsey and he hates doing his leg exercises to stretch his calf muscles. He could stand on this and play with it and never realize he was exercising. Add this to your childs sensory diet to help with balance.

Read the review by Louise Haervig who is a Children's Physiotherapist.

Click on the red links to view the items.

                                T U M B L I N G  A N I M A L S
                        Louise Haervig, Children’s Physiotherapist
 bObles is children’s furniture with a simple and creative design shaped in a way that makes you
eager to use it. The name “Tumbling animals” covers exactly what you have to do with this
piece of furniture - the children have to tumble and gain some bodily experience, which can
serve as the foundation for further development. They appeal to something human inside us as
they look like animals – but they can easily represent whatever the child wishes during the play.
The material is firm but still soft and it is also user friendly as it is easy to clean - wipe over
using a wet cloth.
My enthusiasm is overwhelming – I really think that here is the piece of furniture that backs up
on the motor development. This developmental learning works the best when you play it. I
cannot see how you can avoid it with the Tumbling animals.

The Tumbling Elephant The elephant is so well thought out that if you had to buy one piece of furniture for your child,
you would have to buy this! Place the small child in the curve between the legs of the elephant
and it works as a back rest. The elephant has a rocking function where the child is challenged
and stimulated while sitting. Later on, the child can stand on top of the elephant’s feet, which
challenges the child’s balance while standing. The elephant is also good to lie across – both
when you lie flat on your stomach and on your back. Last but not least, purely functional it is a
great chair/stool to sit on – both for the child and their parents.

The Pig and  bObles Tumbling Fish - Turquoise (3-layer)
The fish and the pig are available in two sizes and they can be stacked. The low one is for the
child who has just learned to sit. The big one is for the older child, and once you stack them,
they fit teenagers and grown-ups. It is nice to have an example of each animal, because the
child grows along with them, and as a result they can be used over a long period of time. You
can roll the animal to one another, or roll and chase it, and you can sit while it is moving.
Particularly the last-mentioned is good for the child.
3-layer version. When the 3-layer version of the pig or fish lies down the child can sit – and later stand on it that is to take steps up/down from it, which enhance strength, balance and coordination. Subsequently the size and material makes it so light that the child can lift the tumbling animal themselves – and hereby bring it with them wherever they wish. The 3-layer version is superb as a stepping stool in the bathroom, since it does not slide on the wet floor. The fine motor control can be stimulated by putting things into the pigs snout – and pick them up again.6-layer version The 6-layer pig /fish has all the same good functions as the smaller version, but the most brilliant thing is that they can roll - and then it has a size that enables the child to sit on it while in movement, which enhance not only the balance but also the joint senses. Children can lie across them and have the backside of their bodies strengthened, and children can exercise their arms through the pressure from their own body weight.

The Tumbling Chicken The chicken can be placed on its wide/narrow surface or be turned upside down. When the chicken is placed on its back there is a rocking function. For the very small child who has just learned to get around the balance will be challenged by laying on the chicken and feel the rocking – and just by lying next to the chicken and touch it will provide a good and fun stimuli for the child. When the child can sit it will do it on the chicken – and later stand and walk on it.
When used as a step stone the advantage is the fact that it does not slide. Another benefit is
that the material is soft, which makes it nice to use even with bare feet. When the rocking
function is used it is demanding for the balance – but just to stand on it will also place a demand on the musculature/stability of the foot. Subsequently the chicken has a very usable see saw function, since it lies very stable and secure, easy to control and has a good angle in relation to the stretch/movement of the ankle joint.

Bobles Tumbling Crocodile - Lime Green The most obvious use of the Crocodile is as a staircase – the desire to walk up and down the “stairs” is obvious, which enhances the strength and balance of the child. When turned upside down you have an angled surface - the see saw function appears when the crocodile is placed on its back and the child can walk/lie on its entire straight surface. The option to sit where the child have a chair and table in the same piece of furniture. The furniture will grow with the child given that the small child can muscle in on the low step and the higher steps are for the toddler. The crocodile has three seating levels for the small child and it is splendid for the social dimension that 2-3 children can sit together on the same piece of furniture. There is also the option to stack them as a bench, which allows 2 heights.
The Combination All the tumbling animals can stand alone and will in each their own way influence the motor skill development in a positive direction – but to have more tumbling animals – 4, 8 or 15 different tumbling animals together will give enormous opportunities for bodily development and hereby motor skills.

**Louise Haevig is a Physiotherapist aged 40. Married and mother of two children – a boy aged 5 and a girl aged 7. Louise Hærvig has practised physiotherapy for 11 years. She has worked
within different fields of physiotherapy, and for the last 8 years she has been attached to the
education at COK – Centre for Public Competence Development - where she taught children’s
sensory motor development. In her current position in Copenhagen County, she works with
children’s therapy, which includes exercise therapy of children, aged 0-18, with varied
handicaps. Louise Hærvig also works as a consultant in day-care centres, where she offers
introduction to how we support children’s motor development in the best way. She also advises on the furnishing of their institutions in order to provide the optimal conditions for the motor functions.

Would love to hear from you and know what you think. Please leave me a comment below.

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