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Wilbarger Protocol Brushing Technique/Joint Compressions

Posted by fasd101 on September 10, 2013 at 2:35 PM Comments comments (0)


The Wilbarger Protocol is a deep pressure technique used with students who have sensory defensiveness. The purpose
is to alter and normalise sensory processing which will assist with the students ability to function within the
school setting and impact on the students social and work behaviors.

Use the brush with a firmeven pressure. Do not sweep brush. Hold brush horizontally. Move slowly. Think of steam
cleaning and press hard enough to move the skin. Brush over clothes and or skin but do not move from skin to clothes.
ie: on arm just do skin when brushing over clothing pull it tight down to maximise pressure.

Each student should have there own brush for hygiene reasons. Always maintain contact with the person during the
brusing procedure. Use hand palm versus finger tips.

Student should be in a seated position if possible. Inform the student of the procedure to occur. Do procedure in a
calm, quiet area.

Brush arms covering as much surface area as possible, 5 stroke in a up/down motion, covering the area 2X.
Brush Palms 5X
Brush back 5X up and down and 5X side to side.
Brush other arm.
Brush legs below the knee covering as much surface as possible, % strokes in a up/down motion covering 2X.
Brush feet holding one hand on topand the other using the brush in a in a sweeping movement. Move top hand in sync
with the bottom one 5X.

This is the ideal brush and to use

Here are the handles to help reduce hand fatigue.

I have never needed them.

The Wilbarger Protocol (Wilbarger, 1991) is a specific, professionally guided treatment regime designed to reduce sensory defensiveness. The Wilbarger Protocol has its origins in sensory integration theory, and it has evolved through clinical use. It involves deep-touch pressure throughout the day. Patricia Wilbarger, M.Ed., OTR, FAOTA, an internationally recognized expert who specializes in the assessment and treatment of sensory defensiveness, developed this technique.

Ms. Wilbarger offers training courses where professionals can learn how to administer her technique and has produced videotapes, audiotapes, and other publications. At these courses, she also shares strategies for integrating the protocol into intervention plans and training parents, teachers, and other caregivers.

There currently is a lack of documented research to substantiate this technique. However, the protocol has been used by many occupational therapists who have noted positive results with a variety of populations. Many parents of children with autism have reported that their children have responded positively to this technique, including reduction in sensory defensiveness, as well as improved behavior and interaction. Many adults with autism have also reported reduction in sensory defensiveness, decreased anxiety, and increased comfort in the environment through the use of this technique.

An occupational therapist who has been trained to use the technique, and who knows sensory integration theory, needs to teach and supervise the Wilbarger Protocol. This statement cannot be emphasized enough. If the technique is carried out with-out proper instruction, it could be uncomfortable for the child and may lead to undesired results. So ask your OT to teach you how to use this method.

The first step of the Wilbarger Protocol involves providing deep pressure to the skin on the arms, back, and legs through the use of a special surgical brush. Many people mistakenly call this technique "brushing" because a surgical brush is used. The term "brushing" does not adequately reflect the amount of pressure that is exerted against the skin with the movement of the brush. A more appropriate analogy would be that it is like giving someone a deep massage using a surgical brush. The use of the brush in a slow and methodical manner provides consistent deep-pressure input to a wide area of the skin surface on the body. Ms. Wilbarger has found and has recommended a specific surgical brush to be most effective. The face and stomach are never brushed.

Following the "massage" stage, the child receives gentle compressions to the shoulders, elbows, wrists/fingers, hips, knees/ankles, and sternum. These compressions provide substantial proprioceptive input. Ms. Wilbarger feels that it is critical that joint compressions follow the use of the surgical brush, and if there is no time to complete both steps, then compressions should not be administered.

The complete routine should only take about three minutes. This technique can be incorporated into a sensory diet schedule. The procedure is initially repeated every ninety minutes. After a period of time, the frequency is reduced. Eventually the procedure can be stopped, but gains can be maintained. Some children immediately enjoy this input, and others resist the first few sessions. You may distract the child by singing or offering a mouth or fidget toy.

Some children really like the administration of this protocol and will seek out the brush and bring it to their parents, teachers, or caregivers. Other children tolerate it with little reaction, and occasionally a child is resistive. If the child continues to resist, and you see negative changes, you must reconsider the use of the technique and contact the supervising therapist. This has rarely occurred in our practice.

Behaviors to watch for, Change means the program is working


Behavioral Changes
__more motivated
__thinking before acting
__more open-minded
__improved organization
__sequencing improves
__improved focus
__less sensitive to smells
__less sensitive to touch
__less irritable
__better at beginning or completing projects
__less rigid behavior
__longer attention span
__decreased hyperactivity
__decrease impulsivity
__improved transitions
__participation in more activities
__ more appropriate
interactions with peers 
Physical Changes
__improved sleep patterns
__increased tolerance of grooming tasks
__increased independence in self-cares
__improved gross motor skills
__improved eating habits
__less wiggling
__more physically active
__improvement in handwriting
__more touching, hugging
__more consistent energy level
__increased tolerance to clothing
__increased repertoire of foods

Social/Emotional Changes
__improved disposition
__less controlling
__improved talking/communication
__improved tolerance of people
__less overwhelmed
__less anxious
__more emotional
__more needy
__increased self-confidence/self esteem
__less defensive
__more responsible
__more patient
__more calm and relaxed
__improved mood
__more acting out
__more affectionate
__decreased frustration
__increased interactions with others
__improved eye contact


Place your hand on the top of either shoulder and press down together 10X
Place hand on top of other shoulder and under elbow arm at the students side and press together 10X
Place fingers in a scissor position behind knuckle joints and hold finger streight with other hand.
Keeping joints streight press together 10X
Do the same for the other arm next.
Place hand on buttockand other at the front knee. Press together 10X, Alternatively press front of knee with
students bottom pressing against the back of the chair. Place hands on the top of both knees press down 10X.
Place other hand under clavicles on chest and other on back between shoulder blades, Press together and down 3X.

Wilbarger Protocol should be done every 90-120 minutes, 8-10 times per day for maximum effectiveness.

Even if you cannot keep up with that schedule, doing the most you can can really benefit your child.

I have seen it benefit my children.

Keep spreading awareness.

This disability is 100% preventable. Together, we can eliminate it!

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I would love to know what you think. 

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Categories: Advocacy Helps

Sensory Bucket: Water & Sand

Posted by fasd101 on July 22, 2013 at 1:30 AM Comments comments (1)

It is summer time

And what better way to spend  those HOT summer days

than with WATER & SAND play?

Water and sand play appeals to most children, but some of our sensory defensive kids might not be so keen to join in on the fun.

Make the water and sand buckets or Water and Sand Table available for your child to play. Encourage them to interact with you as you play.  Even if you can only get them to try it out for a few minutes at a time, it will help them become less sensitive to the materials.

I particularly like this water and sand table

because the water and sand sections are divided and it has the fun water tower and spinners to pour water through.

As much as I like those water & sand tables above

and if you purchased anything from my links I make a little commission

I understand that not everyone has the money for such luxuries.

A more cost effective way to play in the water and sand

is to use Rubbermaid Dish Pans

Buy two and set on a table side by side.

One with Sand and the other with Water.

Then gather some toys to promote play. Use spoons

cups, platic pitchers of water

you could even color some water in a pitcher

so when the child pours it in the water in the tub it will change the color.

Other Developemental Benefits

Social/emotional development.
Sand and water inspire children to work together in pretend play.
It has been well documented that playing with water & sand
can calm a child who is agitated or upset.
When children play with sand and water they often express
their thoughts and feelings.

Physical development
Children strengthen their small muscles as they mold wet sand and scoop water. They develop fine motor skills and eye-hand
coordination working with props as they pour water through a
funnel, sift sand through a sieve, and squeeze
a baster full of water. They build gross motor skills as they carry buckets of sand or water outdoors.

Cognitive development.
Sand and water are natural companions in scientificexplorations
and engage children in making careful observations and in classification, comparison, measurement, and problem-solving activities.
Children discover that as a liquid, water can be splashed, poured,
and frozen. As a dry solid, sand can be sifted, raked, and shoveled. When children combine the two, the properties of both change:
the dry sand becomes firm and the water becomes cloudy.
The texture of sand changes, too. Wet sand can be molded.
It also feels cooler to the touch than dry sand.
Children learn about volume and capacity as they fill empty containers.
They explore cause and effect when they observe which objects
sink and which float. And they discover that the amount of sand or water
remains the same whether the container is thin and tall or short and wide.

Language development
While playing with sand and water, children expand their vocabularies  as they learn words like grainy, rough, sprinkle, shallow, and funnel.
They build emerging literacy skills as they write letters in the sand or
use alphabet molds. Equally important, as children perform experiments at the sand and water table, they routinely ask
and answer questions.

Want to boost your WATER fun?
How about adding a music element.

The following video is yet another way to add
sensory stimulation to your water play.

You need Adobe Flash Player to view this content.

Can you see the benefits for our sensory challenged kids?

Now get outside and enjoy some fun with Water and Sand.

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Breaking Through Autism

Posted by fasd101 on July 19, 2013 at 2:00 AM Comments comments (0)

Carly's Voice: Breaking Through Autism

I know that this is a blog about FASD,

but if you have been around very many people with FASD you already know that  some tend to have a lot of Autistic traits. Some are even diagnosed with Autism. Take a look at Carly's video, it may help give you some insight to why our kids get so overstimulated. 

You need Adobe Flash Player to view this content.

Carly and her father wrote the book

Carly's Voice: Breaking Through Autism

Book Description (from Amazon)

Release date: September 18, 2012
At the age of two, Carly Fleischmann was diagnosed with severe autism and an oral motor condition that prevented her from speaking. Doctors predicted that she would never intellectually develop beyond the abilities of a small child. Carly remained largely unreachable through the years. Then, at the age of ten, she had a breakthrough.

While working with her devoted therapists, Carly reached over to their laptop and typed “HELP TEETH HURT,” much to everyone’s astonishment. Although Carly still struggles with all the symptoms of autism, she now has regular, witty, and profound conversations on the computer with her family and her many thousands of supporters online.

In Carly’s Voice, her father, A rthur F leischmann, blends Carly’s own words w ith h is story of getting to know his remarkable daughter. One of the first books to explore firsthand the challenges of living with autism, it brings readers inside a once-secret world and in the company of an inspiring young woman who has found her voice and her mission.

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